The book is a poetic drama of a righteous man subjected to great suffering.
It reveals the role of Satan as “accuser of our brethren” (Rev. 12:10)
It challenges our thinking about God’s character and working in our lives.
It encourages God’s people in the midst of suffering.
Date and Literary Style
Rabbinical tradition dates the book to the Patriarchal Period (that is, the time of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob), based on names for God, Job’s wealth, Job’s role as patriarchal priest, and Job’s longevity.
Franz Delitzsch found striking similarities in style to the Psalms of Heman and Ethan (Ps. 88, 89) and writings of Solomon, and he dated it to the Solomonic period.
Main Players in the Drama
Eliphaz the Temanite
Bildad the Shuhite
Zophar the Naamathite
Elihu, the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram
The LORD (Yahweh)
Job’s Example of Steadfast Endurance
“Behold, we consider those blessed who remained steadfast. You have heard of the steadfastness of Job, and you have seen the purpose of the Lord, how the Lord is compassionate and merciful.” (James 5:11)
God’s Esteem for Job
“even if these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it (land of Israel), they would deliver but their own lives by their righteousness, declares the Lord GOD. (Ezekiel 14:14)
"even if Noah, Daniel, and Job were in it, as I live, declares the Lord GOD, they would deliver neither son nor daughter. They would deliver but their own lives by their righteousness." (Ezekiel 14:20)