Tuesday, April 4, 2017

Poetry With A Purpose: Psalms

Music that Edifies
“Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly, teaching and admonishing one another in all wisdom, singing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, with thankfulness in your hearts to God.”  (Colossians 3:16)

Authors of Psalms: David (73), Asaph (12), Sons of Korah (11), Solomon (2), Moses (1), Heman the Ezrahite (1), Ethan the Ezrahite (1).

Types of Psalms
Praises, testimonies
Calls to Worship

Psalm 18 Study Questions
 What categories  might this Psalm come under?
Do the expressions in this Psalm remind you of another book in the “Wisdom” literature?
What is your impression of David’s testimony in verses 20 and 21?
Discuss the character of God from the rest of the Psalm.

Sunday, March 19, 2017


Elihu Speaks
Job 35:5  Look at the heavens, and see; and behold the clouds, which are higher than you.

Job 36:27-29  For he draws up the drops of water; they distill his mist in rain,  (28)  which the skies pour down and drop on mankind abundantly.  (29)  Can anyone understand the spreading of the clouds, the thunderings of his pavilion?

Job 37:11-16  He loads the thick cloud with moisture; the clouds scatter his lightning.  (12)  They turn around and around by his guidance, to accomplish all that he commands them on the face of the habitable world.  (13)  Whether for correction or for his land or for love, he causes it to happen.  (14)  "Hear this, O Job; stop and consider the wondrous works of God.  (15)  Do you know how God lays his command upon them and causes the lightning of his cloud to shine?  (16)  Do you know the balancings of the clouds, the wondrous works of him who is perfect in knowledge . . .

Job 37:21  "And now no one looks on the light when it is bright in the skies (lit. “clouds”), when the wind has passed and cleared them.

The LORD Speaks
Job 38:8-9  "Or who shut in the sea with doors when it burst out from the womb,  (9)  when I made clouds its garment and thick darkness its swaddling band . . .

Job 38:37  Who can number the clouds by wisdom? Or who can tilt the waterskins of the heavens . . .

Clouds & Christ’s Coming
Mat 24:30  Then will appear in heaven the sign of the Son of Man, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

Rev 1:7  Behold, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, even those who pierced him, and all tribes of the earth will wail on account of him. Even so. Amen.

1 Thess. 4:16-18  For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.  (17)  Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord.  (18)  Therefore encourage one another with these words.

Job’s Example of Steadfast Endurance
“Behold, we consider those blessed who remained steadfast. You have heard of the steadfastness of Job, and you have seen the purpose of the Lord, how the Lord is compassionate and merciful.”  (James 5:11)

Monday, March 6, 2017

Key Verses in Job

Text:  Job 19:23-27; 23:10             

But he knows the way that I take; when he has tried me, I shall come out as gold. My foot has held fast to his steps; I have kept his way and have not turned aside. (Job 23:10-11)

When does Job expect this vindication?

(Read Job 19:23-27)
     Whom I shall see for myself - It will not come to be by mere report. I shall not merely hear of the decision of God in my favor, but I shall myself behold him. He will at length come forth, and I shall be permitted to see him, and shall have the delightful assurance that he settles this controversy in my favor, and declares that I am his friend. Job was thus permitted to see God Job 42:5, and hear his voice in his favor. He spake to him from the whirlwind Job 38:1, and pronounced the sentence in his favor which he had desired. (Albert Barnes, e-Sword.net)

1.     We must avoid thinking of God is human terms, or reducing His ways to a set of laws.

2.    The proper relationship with God is a relationship of faith, and the proper response to God in all circumstances is worship (Job 1:20)

Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Book of Job: Getting to the Heart of the Matter

}}Wisdom Class
}February 19, 2017

}Book of Job
The Big Picture
1.What kind of man was Job? (Job 1-2 and rest of book)
2.In what ways did Job’s three friends not speak what was right about God? (42:7)
3.In what ways did Job speak what was right about God? (Job 42:7)
}Getting to the Heart
}Elihu’s words to Job (Job 32-37)
}The LORD’s answer to Job (Job 38-41)
}Job’s humble submission to the LORD  (Job 42:1-6)

Wednesday, February 15, 2017


The book is a poetic drama of a righteous man subjected to great suffering.
It reveals the role of Satan as “accuser of our brethren” (Rev. 12:10)
It challenges our thinking about God’s character and working in our lives.
It encourages God’s people in the midst of suffering.

Date and Literary Style
Rabbinical tradition dates the book to the Patriarchal Period (that is, the time of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob), based on names for God, Job’s wealth, Job’s role as patriarchal priest, and Job’s longevity.

Franz Delitzsch found striking similarities in style to the Psalms of Heman and Ethan (Ps. 88, 89) and writings of Solomon, and he dated it to the Solomonic period.

Main Players in the Drama
Eliphaz the Temanite
Bildad the Shuhite
Zophar the Naamathite
Elihu, the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram
The LORD (Yahweh)

Job’s Example of Steadfast Endurance
“Behold, we consider those blessed who remained steadfast. You have heard of the steadfastness of Job, and you have seen the purpose of the Lord, how the Lord is compassionate and merciful.”  (James 5:11)

God’s Esteem for Job
“even if these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it (land of Israel), they would deliver but their own lives by their righteousness, declares the Lord GOD.  (Ezekiel 14:14)

"even if Noah, Daniel, and Job were in it, as I live, declares the Lord GOD, they would deliver neither son nor daughter. They would deliver but their own lives by their righteousness." (Ezekiel 14:20)

Tuesday, February 7, 2017


Ecclesiastes Summary Observations
Solomon’s musings in this book wander like a stream of consciousness, mixing God’s wisdom with the world’s values. Some portions remind us of Job’s searching for answers in the midst of his misery. But Solomon’s misery is spiritual and psychological, arising from his attempts to figure out and explain all things. Although the quest proved futile, he persisted in it.

Ecclesiastes and Doctrine
Individual statements in the book are not intended to be taken as biblical dogma, but as elements of Solomon’s process of thinking. His conclusion in Chapter 12 puts it all in perspective: “Fear God and keep His commandments”; trying to explain everything is futile – “Vanity and striving after the wind.”

The prophetic formula, “Thus says the LORD,” is rarely found in the wisdom books. “The divine imperative in wisdom literature is generally limited to the essential “Fear God”… (C. Hassell Bulloch)
Wisdom literature assumes the revelation of the Law and the Prophets, and it deals with the practical living out of our relationship with God and others.

Use of “LORD” in Poetry & Wisdom
Job, 24 verses                         33 matches
Psalms, 702 verses                 795 matches
Proverbs, 87 verses                 87 matches
Ecclesiastes, 0 verses             0 matches
Song of Songs, 1 verse           1 match

Use of “God” in Poetry & Wisdom
Job, 114 verses                       118 matches
Psalms, 377 verses                 440 matches
Proverbs, 6 verses                  6 matches
Ecclesiastes, 36 verses           41 matches
Song of Songs, 0                     0 matches

Wednesday, January 25, 2017


Text:  Ecclesiastes 1:1-2:11          (Reading: 1 Cor. 1:20-21)

Read: Ecclesiastes 1:1-2:11

KEY PHRASES:  “Under the sun” (1:3, 9, 14; 2:11) “under heaven” (1:13; 2:3) “vanity” “grasping for the wind”.

Ecclesiastes views life from the horizontal perspective, not the vertical, God-word perspective. His conclusion, though, points to the only solution for the futility of life: a reverential relationship with God!

I. Vanity of Worldly Learning (1:16-18)
    A. Empirical observation (8-11)
    B. Exploration (13-14) (Cf. Acts 7:24-28)
II. Vanity of Worldly Psychology (1:16-18) 
      Trying to understand man and human behavior apart from God and His Word.

III. Vanity of Worldly Pleasure (2:1-3,10)

 IV. Vanity of Worldly Paradise (2:4-8)

 V. Vanity of Worldly Labor (2:9-11)
      If our labor is only to satisfy our own desires and aspirations, we will find it empty.(Two causes of  “burn-out”- (1) not achieving your goals, and (2) achieving your goals and finding them unsatisfying.) Reformed theologians and commentators speak of "kingdom work,” that all we do should be sanctified by offering it to God, and  doing it for His glory.

CONCLUSION:  Chapter 12, verse 13.

Monday, January 16, 2017


Greek: “member of an assembly”
Hebrew: “Qoheleth ” -- From the verb “to gather in”

Key to the Message :“Under the sun” Things that are unique to this lifetime.

“All is vanity” –Emptiness, futility
  1. Science – 1:4-11
  2. Philosophy – 1:12-18
  3. Pleasure – 2:1-11
  4. Labor – 2:12-3:15
  5. Self-centeredness – 3:16-4:16
  6. Religion – 5:1-8
  7. Riches – 5:9-6:12
  8. Morality – 7:1-12:12

What’s the conclusion?
        12:1  Remember also your Creator in the days of your youth, before the evil days come and the years draw near when you will say, “I have no delight in them” . . .

        12:13-14  The conclusion, when all has been heard, is: fear God and keep His commandments, because this applies to every person.  (14)  For God will bring every act to judgment, everything which is hidden, whether it is good or evil.  (NASB)

Friday, January 13, 2017



Text:  Proverbs 31                    

           (Pro 1:8)  Hear, my son, your father's instruction, and forsake not your mother'  teaching . . .
          (Pro 6:20)  My son, keep your father's commandment, and forsake not your       mother's teaching.
          (Pro 23:22)  Listen to your father who gave you life, and do not despise your     mother when she is old.

In Proverbs 31 we have a mother’s advice to her son.

          I.      Warning against Destructive behavior (3-7)
II.      Righteous governing (8-9)

III.     Character of an Exellent Wife (10-31)