Saturday, December 3, 2016

Wisdom and Poetry

Wisdom and Poetry – Overview

“Words to the Wise”
First Kings (Solomon)
Song of Songs of Solomon
Proverbs
Ecclesiastes

“Poetry with a Purpose”
Job
Psalms
Lamentations

PROBING THE PROVERBS
Structure & Composition of Proverbs
        Author & Purpose – 1:1-6
        The Cry of Wisdom, Knowledge, and Understanding – 1:7 through 9:18
        Proverbs of Solomon & Wisdom of the Wise – Chapters 10-24
        Solomon’s Proverbs Transcribed by “Men of Hezekiah” – Chs. 25-29
        Words & Counsel of Others – Chs. 30, 31

Types of Teaching in Proverbs
Straightforward instruction (e.g. 1-6)
Types of Teaching in Proverbs
Straightforward instruction (e.g. 1-6)
Parable (7:6-27)
Types of Teaching in Proverbs
Straightforward instruction (e.g. 1-6)
Parable (7:6-27)
Personification (Chapters 8 & 9)

Types of Couplets
1. Identity or Equivalence:
            A man who flatters his neighbor
            Is spreading a net for his steps. 29:5
2. Non-Identity or Contrast:
            A sated man loathes honey
            But to a famished man any bitter thing is sweet.  27:7
3. Contrariety to indicate absurdity:
            Why is there a price in the hand of a fool to buy wisdom?” 17:16
4. Classification of persons, actions, or situations:
            The naïve believes everything,
            But the prudent man considers his steps. 14:15
5. Valuation or priority of one thing over another:
            A good name is more to be desired than great riches,
            Favor is better than silver and gold.” 22:1
6. Consequences of human character or behavior:
            The sluggard does not plow after the autumn,

            So he begs during the harvest and has nothing. 20:4

(Couplets points from An Introduction to the Old Testament Poetic Books by C Hassell Bullock. Chicago: Moody Press, 1979)

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